Structural Change, Trade and Development: Agrifood and Aquaculture in Bangladesh

Sangeeta Khorana, May Yeung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper examines the ongoing process of structural change in Bangladesh
from the lens of agricultural productivity and rural development, emphasizing the need to adapt and diversify its economy preceding and following its graduation from least developed country (LDC) status. We present the case to modernize, diversify and upgrade Bangladesh’s secondary agri-food sector to continue its structural transition, production and exports, thereby further raising incomes and reducing poverty, particularly in the rural non-farm economy. The development of and productivity gains in the fish aquaculture sub-sector illustrates the secondary agri-food sector’s productive capacity and potential.
The article demonstrates that the prospects for structural change in the
agricultural processing sector remain promising, and that there is a need to
expand agricultural value chains into value-added, secondary processing, agrifood, and high-value products.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-95
JournalEstey Journal of International Law and Trade Policy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2023


  • agriculture
  • aquaculture
  • Bangladesh
  • LDC
  • structural transformation


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