Synthesis and characterization of silica-supported L-Lysine-based dendritic branches

Malcolm Driffield, David M. Goodall, Anita S. Klute, David K. Smith, Karen Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two series of novel modified silicas have been prepared in which individual dendritic branches have been attached to aminopropylsilica using standard peptide coupling methodology. The dendritic branches are composed of enantiomerically pure l-lysine building blocks, and hence, the modified silicas have the potential to act as chiral stationary phases in chromatography. In one series of modified silicas, the surface of the dendritic branch consists of Boc carbamate groups, whereas the other has benzoyl amide surface groups. Different coupling reagents have been investigated in order to maximize the loading onto the solid phase. The new supported dendritic materials have been fully characterized with properties of the bulk material determined by elemental analysis, 13C NMR, and IR spectroscopy, whereas XPS provides important information about the surface of the modified silica exposed to the incident X-rays, the key region in which potential chromatographic performance of these materials will take place. Although the bulk analyses indicate that loading of the dendritic branch onto silica decreases with increasing dendritic generation (and consequently steric bulk), XPS indicates that the optimum surface coverage is actually obtained at the second generation of dendritic growth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8660-8665
Number of pages6
JournalLangmuir
Volume18
Issue number22
Early online date3 Oct 2002
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Oct 2002

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