Synthetic ceramides inhibit CD36 expression in U937 cells through a reduction in cytosolic peroxide

E. Luan, D.C. Phillips, Helen R. Griffiths

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract

Abstract

Ceramide (a sphingolipid) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are each partly responsible for the intracellular signal transduction of a variety of physiological, pharmacological or environmental agents. It has been reported that synthesis of ceramide and ROS are intimately linked, and show reciprocal regulation. The levels of ceramide are reported to be elevated in atherosclerotic plaques providing circumstantial evidence for a pro-atherogenic role for ceramide. Indeed, LDL may be important sources of ceramide from sphingomyelin, where it promotes LDL aggregation. Using synthetic, short chain ceramides to mimic the cellular responses to fluctuations in natural endogenous ceramides, we have investigated ceramide effects on both intracellular redox state (as glutathione and ROS) and redox-sensitive gene expression, specifically the scavenger receptor CD36 (using RT-PCR and flow cytometry), in U937 monocytes and macrophages. We describe that the principal redox altering properties of ceramide are to lower cytosolic peroxide and to increase mitochondrial ROS formation, where growth arrest of U937 monocytes is also observed. In addition, cellular glutathione was depleted, which was independent of an increase in glutathione peroxidase activity. Examination of the effects of ceramide on stress induced CD36 expression in macrophages, revealed a dose dependent reduction in CD36 mRNA and protein levels, which was mimicked by N-acetyl cysteine. Taken together, these data suggest that ceramides differentially affect ROS within different cellular compartments, and that loss of cytosolic peroxide inhibits expression of the redox sensitive gene, CD36. This may attenuate both the uptake of oxidised LDL and the interaction of HDL with macrophages. The resulting sequelae in vivo remain to be determined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-40
Number of pages1
JournalFree Radical Research
Volume37
Issue numberSuppl. 1
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Fingerprint

U937 Cells
Ceramides
Peroxides
Reactive Oxygen Species
Oxidation-Reduction
Macrophages
Glutathione
Monocytes
Acetylcysteine
CD36 Antigens
Scavenger Receptors
Signal transduction
Sphingolipids
Sphingomyelins
Flow cytometry
Atherosclerotic Plaques
Glutathione Peroxidase
Gene expression
Cysteine
Signal Transduction

Keywords

  • synthetic ceramides
  • CD36 expression
  • U937 cells
  • cytosolic peroxide

Cite this

Luan, E. ; Phillips, D.C. ; Griffiths, Helen R. / Synthetic ceramides inhibit CD36 expression in U937 cells through a reduction in cytosolic peroxide. In: Free Radical Research. 2003 ; Vol. 37, No. Suppl. 1. pp. 40-40.
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abstract = "Ceramide (a sphingolipid) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are each partly responsible for the intracellular signal transduction of a variety of physiological, pharmacological or environmental agents. It has been reported that synthesis of ceramide and ROS are intimately linked, and show reciprocal regulation. The levels of ceramide are reported to be elevated in atherosclerotic plaques providing circumstantial evidence for a pro-atherogenic role for ceramide. Indeed, LDL may be important sources of ceramide from sphingomyelin, where it promotes LDL aggregation. Using synthetic, short chain ceramides to mimic the cellular responses to fluctuations in natural endogenous ceramides, we have investigated ceramide effects on both intracellular redox state (as glutathione and ROS) and redox-sensitive gene expression, specifically the scavenger receptor CD36 (using RT-PCR and flow cytometry), in U937 monocytes and macrophages. We describe that the principal redox altering properties of ceramide are to lower cytosolic peroxide and to increase mitochondrial ROS formation, where growth arrest of U937 monocytes is also observed. In addition, cellular glutathione was depleted, which was independent of an increase in glutathione peroxidase activity. Examination of the effects of ceramide on stress induced CD36 expression in macrophages, revealed a dose dependent reduction in CD36 mRNA and protein levels, which was mimicked by N-acetyl cysteine. Taken together, these data suggest that ceramides differentially affect ROS within different cellular compartments, and that loss of cytosolic peroxide inhibits expression of the redox sensitive gene, CD36. This may attenuate both the uptake of oxidised LDL and the interaction of HDL with macrophages. The resulting sequelae in vivo remain to be determined.",
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Luan, E, Phillips, DC & Griffiths, HR 2003, 'Synthetic ceramides inhibit CD36 expression in U937 cells through a reduction in cytosolic peroxide', Free Radical Research, vol. 37, no. Suppl. 1, pp. 40-40.

Synthetic ceramides inhibit CD36 expression in U937 cells through a reduction in cytosolic peroxide. / Luan, E.; Phillips, D.C.; Griffiths, Helen R.

In: Free Radical Research, Vol. 37, No. Suppl. 1, 2003, p. 40-40.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthetic ceramides inhibit CD36 expression in U937 cells through a reduction in cytosolic peroxide

AU - Luan, E.

AU - Phillips, D.C.

AU - Griffiths, Helen R.

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - Ceramide (a sphingolipid) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are each partly responsible for the intracellular signal transduction of a variety of physiological, pharmacological or environmental agents. It has been reported that synthesis of ceramide and ROS are intimately linked, and show reciprocal regulation. The levels of ceramide are reported to be elevated in atherosclerotic plaques providing circumstantial evidence for a pro-atherogenic role for ceramide. Indeed, LDL may be important sources of ceramide from sphingomyelin, where it promotes LDL aggregation. Using synthetic, short chain ceramides to mimic the cellular responses to fluctuations in natural endogenous ceramides, we have investigated ceramide effects on both intracellular redox state (as glutathione and ROS) and redox-sensitive gene expression, specifically the scavenger receptor CD36 (using RT-PCR and flow cytometry), in U937 monocytes and macrophages. We describe that the principal redox altering properties of ceramide are to lower cytosolic peroxide and to increase mitochondrial ROS formation, where growth arrest of U937 monocytes is also observed. In addition, cellular glutathione was depleted, which was independent of an increase in glutathione peroxidase activity. Examination of the effects of ceramide on stress induced CD36 expression in macrophages, revealed a dose dependent reduction in CD36 mRNA and protein levels, which was mimicked by N-acetyl cysteine. Taken together, these data suggest that ceramides differentially affect ROS within different cellular compartments, and that loss of cytosolic peroxide inhibits expression of the redox sensitive gene, CD36. This may attenuate both the uptake of oxidised LDL and the interaction of HDL with macrophages. The resulting sequelae in vivo remain to be determined.

AB - Ceramide (a sphingolipid) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are each partly responsible for the intracellular signal transduction of a variety of physiological, pharmacological or environmental agents. It has been reported that synthesis of ceramide and ROS are intimately linked, and show reciprocal regulation. The levels of ceramide are reported to be elevated in atherosclerotic plaques providing circumstantial evidence for a pro-atherogenic role for ceramide. Indeed, LDL may be important sources of ceramide from sphingomyelin, where it promotes LDL aggregation. Using synthetic, short chain ceramides to mimic the cellular responses to fluctuations in natural endogenous ceramides, we have investigated ceramide effects on both intracellular redox state (as glutathione and ROS) and redox-sensitive gene expression, specifically the scavenger receptor CD36 (using RT-PCR and flow cytometry), in U937 monocytes and macrophages. We describe that the principal redox altering properties of ceramide are to lower cytosolic peroxide and to increase mitochondrial ROS formation, where growth arrest of U937 monocytes is also observed. In addition, cellular glutathione was depleted, which was independent of an increase in glutathione peroxidase activity. Examination of the effects of ceramide on stress induced CD36 expression in macrophages, revealed a dose dependent reduction in CD36 mRNA and protein levels, which was mimicked by N-acetyl cysteine. Taken together, these data suggest that ceramides differentially affect ROS within different cellular compartments, and that loss of cytosolic peroxide inhibits expression of the redox sensitive gene, CD36. This may attenuate both the uptake of oxidised LDL and the interaction of HDL with macrophages. The resulting sequelae in vivo remain to be determined.

KW - synthetic ceramides

KW - CD36 expression

KW - U937 cells

KW - cytosolic peroxide

M3 - Meeting abstract

VL - 37

SP - 40

EP - 40

JO - Free Radical Research

JF - Free Radical Research

SN - 1071-5762

IS - Suppl. 1

ER -