Technology transfer and sustainable industrial development for developing countries

Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputChapter


This paper reports on a part of work for the UNIDO initiative on technology transfer for sustainable industrial development. The proposed technology transfer framework, adapted from the East Asian late industrialisers model, identifies two categories of countries requiring support for enhancing their
technological capabilities: (a) very late industrialisers (“low income” developing countries), and (b) slow industrialisers (countries with sizeable manufacturing sectors but limited success in gaining international competitiveness) and three technology transfer routes: (a) through trade and aid to strengthen indigenous production for domestic markets (Route 1); (b) through FDI and contracting to develop export oriented firms (Route 2), and (c) through the supply chain of capital equipment and materials to develop local subcontracting capacity (Route 3). Very late industrialisers need support to start with Route 1 in selected sectors and upgrade through imported mature technologies. Appropriate product innovations are also possible. The slow industrialisers have more scope for increased technology transfer through Routes 2 and 3.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRestructuring global manufacturing : towards global collaborative supply networks
Subtitle of host publicationthe symposium proceedings
EditorsMike Gregor, Yongjiang Shi
Place of PublicationCambridge (UK)
PublisherUniversity of Cambridge
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)1-902546-25-3
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Event7th Cambridge interantional manufactoring symposium - Cambridge , United Kingdom
Duration: 12 Sept 200213 Sept 2002


Symposium7th Cambridge interantional manufactoring symposium
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom

Bibliographical note

© authors


  • transfer of technology
  • China
  • Scandinavian companies
  • Europe


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