Test-Retest Reliability of Kinematic Parameters of Timed Up and Go in People with Type 2 Diabetes

Francisco J. Dominguez-Munoz, Miguel A. Hernandez-Mocholi, Luis J. Manso, Daniel Collado-Mateo, Santos Villafaina, Jose C. Adsuar, Narcis Gusi

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Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease defined as a state of hyperglycaemia in fasting or postprandial states. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) often show reduced physical function, including low levels of strength, balance or mobility. In this regard, the timed up and go (TUG) is a widely used physical fitness test in people with T2DM. However, there is a lack of studies evaluating the properties TUG in this population. The present study aimed to evaluate the test-retest reliability of kinetic and kinematic parameters obtained from TUG in the diabetic population with different levels of diabetic neuropathy. A total of 56 patients with T2DM participated in the study. They were divided into three groups according to the vibration threshold: (a) severe neuropathy, (b) moderate neuropathy and (c) normal perception. The TUG was performed using two force platforms to assess kinematic measurements. The results show that both kinetic and kinematic variables had good to excellent reliability. The reliability of TUG was excellent for the whole sample and the groups with non-severe neuropathy. However, it was just good for the group with severe neuropathy.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4709
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2019

Bibliographical note

© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access
article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution
(CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).


  • Gait
  • Heel
  • TUG
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • forefoot


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