The four-factor taxonomy of relocation outcomes

Jane K. Matthiesen, Patrick Tissington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Relocation, an intraorganizational geographical transfer, can be used for human resource development (HRD) because of the positive developmental effects it can induce. It is, thus, important for HRD professionals to understand the implications of relocation to ensure it is used appropriately and effectively as an HRD technique. Research on relocation is abundant but presently lacks integration. This article introduces the Four-Factor Taxonomy of Relocation Outcomes, which summarizes, organizes, and guides research in this area. The taxonomy provides researchers with four dimensions along which to consistently classify relocation outcomes: valence (positive vs. negative), duration (length of effect), magnitude (strength of effect), and quality (type of effect). The article concludes with a discussion of implications for HRD practitioners and researchers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-164
Number of pages23
JournalHuman Resource Development Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008


  • relocation
  • relocation outcomes
  • transfer
  • moving
  • taxonomy


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