The human immune system Part 2: auto-immune disorders

Richard A. Armstrong

Research output: Contribution to specialist publication or newspaperArticle


For the immune system to function effectively, the body must be able to distinguish foreign antigens from self-antigens. However, the mechanisms which maintain this distinction may break down and result in auto-immune disease in which self-reacting antibodies and T-cells are produced. This article discusses first, the evidence for the existence of human auto-immune disease and second, the auto-immune diseases which have characteristic ocular symptoms.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages4
Specialist publicationOptometry Today
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1995


  • immune system
  • function effectively
  • foreign antigens
  • self-antigens
  • auto-immune disease
  • self-reacting antibodies
  • T-cells
  • ocular symptoms


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