The phenomenology of minority-majority status: effects on innovation in argument generation

Jared B. Kenworthy, Miles Hewstone, John M. Levine, Robin Martin, Hazel Willis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In three experiments, we manipulated participants' perceived numerical status and compared the originality and creativity of arguments generated by members of numerical minorities and majorities. Independent judges, blind to experimental conditions, rated participants' written arguments. In Studies 1 and 2, we found that participants assigned to a numerical minority generated more original arguments when advocating their own position than did numerical majorities. In Study 3, an equal-factions control group was included in the design, and all participants were instructed to argue for a counter-attitudinal position. Those in the numerical minority generated more creative arguments than those in both the majority and equal-factions conditions, but not stronger arguments. We propose cognitive and social processes that may underlie our obtained effects and discuss implications for minority influence research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)624-636
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
Volume38
Issue number4
Early online date10 Apr 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

Keywords

  • perceived numerical status
  • originality
  • creativity
  • numerical minorities
  • numerical majorities
  • minority influence research

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