The role of anxiety and depression in quality of life and symptom reporting in people with diabetes mellitus

D. Kohen, A.P. Burgess, J. Catalán, A. Lant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although quality of life evaluations are widely used throughout medicine, relatively little is known about the psychological processes involved in making these judgements. What is known is that quality of life judgements are not straightforwardly associated with objective measures of health status or clinician ratings. In particular, patient affect appears to be associated with quality of life ratings but whether this relationship is secondary to physical health or not is controversial. The aim of this study was to determine the role of anxiety and depression in the reporting of quality of life in a group of patients with diabetes mellitus. One hundred consecutive patients with diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus n = 36 and non-insulin-dependent diabetes n = 64) were assessed using a self-report measure of quality of life, a symptom checklist and a questionnaire measure of anxiety and depression. In addition, they were independently rated for their level of physical impairment. The results showed that depression and, to a lesser extent, anxiety were significantly related to self-reported quality of life even when the differences in physical health and age were controlled for statistically. This study shows that, independent of the level of physical illness, affect, particularly depressive affect, is an important factor in the determination of quality of life.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-204
Number of pages8
JournalQuality of Life Research
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1998

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Diabetes Mellitus
Anxiety
Quality of Life
Depression
Health
Checklist
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Self Report
Health Status
Medicine
Psychology

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • depression
  • diabetes
  • mellitus
  • quality of life

Cite this

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The role of anxiety and depression in quality of life and symptom reporting in people with diabetes mellitus. / Kohen, D.; Burgess, A.P.; Catalán, J.; Lant, A.

In: Quality of Life Research , Vol. 7, No. 3, 05.1998, p. 197-204.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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