This chapter examines developments surrounding and within Spain’s parliament, the Cortes Generales, since Spain’s transition to democracy in the mid-1970s. It provides an overview of the historical context and redemocratization, and characterizes Spain’s ascension to the European Union and economic transformation. Subsequently, it analyses the formal parliamentary institutions, including asymmetric bicameralism with greater power concentrated in the lower house; party dominance; and relative weakness vis-à-vis the government—all of which have endured over time. It then traces the significant changes in the party system and the patterns of governance, particularly related to minority and majority cabinets. Finally, it reviews the establishment of regional parliaments and political decentralization, which dispersed policy-making authority.
|Title of host publication||Iberian Legislatures in Comparative Perspective|
|Editors||Jorge M. Fernandes, Cristina Leston-Bandeira|
|Place of Publication||Abingdon, Oxon and New York|
|Number of pages||22|
|Publication status||Published - 24 May 2019|
|Name||Library of Legislative Studies|