Thermo-economic optimization of Regenerative Organic Rankine Cycle for waste heat recovery applications

Muhammad Imran, Byung Sik Park, Hyouck Ju Kim, Dong Hyun Lee, Muhammad Usman, Manki Heo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) is low grade and waste heat conversion technology. The current article deal with the thermo-economic optimization of basic ORC and regenerative ORC for waste heat recovery applications under constant heat source condition. Thermal efficiency and specific investment cost of basic ORC, single stage regenerative and double stage regenerative ORC has been optimized by using Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm-II (NSGA-II). Maximum thermal efficiency and minimum specific investment cost were selected as objective functions and relative increase in thermal efficiency and cost has been analyzed taking the basic ORC as base case. The constraint set consist of evaporation pressure, superheat, pinch point temperature difference in evaporator and condenser. The optimization was performed for five different working fluids. The optimization result show that R245fa is best working under considered conditions and basic ORC has low specific investment cost and thermal efficiency compared to regenerative ORC. R245fa is low boiling organic fluid, which has high degree of thermal stability and compatible with common construction materials of ORC. The average increase in thermal efficiency from basic ORC to single stage regenerative ORC was 1.01% with an additional cost of 187 $/kW while from basic ORC to double stage regenerative ORC was 1.45% with an average increase in cost of 297 $/kW. The sensitivity analysis was also performed to investigate the effect of operating conditions which show that evaporation pressure has promising effect on thermal efficiency and specific investment cost.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-118
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Early online date22 Jul 2014
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014


Dive into the research topics of 'Thermo-economic optimization of Regenerative Organic Rankine Cycle for waste heat recovery applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this