### Abstract

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages | 666-670 |

Number of pages | 5 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Nov 2012 |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- Brain modeling
- Educational institutions
- Electroencephalography
- Graph Theory
- Inverse Problem
- Mathematical Cognition
- Mathematics
- Mutual Information
- Organizations
- Scalp
- biological techniques
- complex mathematics
- cortical dipoles
- electroencephalographic recordings
- functional connectivity
- functional networks
- gender lateralization effect
- graph theoretical approach
- mathematical task
- mathematical thinking
- neurophysiology

### Cite this

*Towards a graph theoretical approach to study gender lateralization effect in mathematical thinking*. 666-670. https://doi.org/10.1109/BIBE.2012.6399746

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**Towards a graph theoretical approach to study gender lateralization effect in mathematical thinking.** / Klados, Manousos A.; Lithari, Chrysa; Antoniou, Ioannis; Semertzidou, Anastasia; Bratsas, Charalambos; Micheloyannis, Sifis; Bamidis, Panagiotis D.

Research output: Contribution to conference › Other

TY - CONF

T1 - Towards a graph theoretical approach to study gender lateralization effect in mathematical thinking

AU - Klados, Manousos A.

AU - Lithari, Chrysa

AU - Antoniou, Ioannis

AU - Semertzidou, Anastasia

AU - Bratsas, Charalambos

AU - Micheloyannis, Sifis

AU - Bamidis, Panagiotis D.

PY - 2012/11

Y1 - 2012/11

N2 - Gender differences in mathematical thinking is a common concern of scientists from different research fields. Both parents and teachers report that males seem to perform better in complex mathematics compared to females. This study comes to shed light in the different organization of the underlying functional networks, in order to investigate the aforementioned observation, without supporting or rejecting this statement. In this sense, it is generally accepted that females use their both hemispheres to accomplish a certain task, while males use mostly the hemisphere which is properly suited. For the purposes of the current analysis, electroencephalographic recordings were collected from 11 males and 11 females, during a difficult mathematical task. Then a previously proposed model was used in order to pass from the sensor level to the cortical one, in order to examine the networks formed among the cortical dipoles. Mutual information was employed to form the graphs represeting the functional connectivity among the different dipoles, while the density, the global and the local efficiencies were further examined. The results suggest that females use their both hemisphere to solve the complex mathematical task while males use mostly their left hemisphere which is the responsible one for the mathematical thinking.

AB - Gender differences in mathematical thinking is a common concern of scientists from different research fields. Both parents and teachers report that males seem to perform better in complex mathematics compared to females. This study comes to shed light in the different organization of the underlying functional networks, in order to investigate the aforementioned observation, without supporting or rejecting this statement. In this sense, it is generally accepted that females use their both hemispheres to accomplish a certain task, while males use mostly the hemisphere which is properly suited. For the purposes of the current analysis, electroencephalographic recordings were collected from 11 males and 11 females, during a difficult mathematical task. Then a previously proposed model was used in order to pass from the sensor level to the cortical one, in order to examine the networks formed among the cortical dipoles. Mutual information was employed to form the graphs represeting the functional connectivity among the different dipoles, while the density, the global and the local efficiencies were further examined. The results suggest that females use their both hemisphere to solve the complex mathematical task while males use mostly their left hemisphere which is the responsible one for the mathematical thinking.

KW - Brain modeling

KW - Educational institutions

KW - Electroencephalography

KW - Graph Theory

KW - Inverse Problem

KW - Mathematical Cognition

KW - Mathematics

KW - Mutual Information

KW - Organizations

KW - Scalp

KW - biological techniques

KW - complex mathematics

KW - cortical dipoles

KW - electroencephalographic recordings

KW - functional connectivity

KW - functional networks

KW - gender lateralization effect

KW - graph theoretical approach

KW - mathematical task

KW - mathematical thinking

KW - neurophysiology

UR - http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/6399746/

U2 - 10.1109/BIBE.2012.6399746

DO - 10.1109/BIBE.2012.6399746

M3 - Other

SP - 666

EP - 670

ER -