Towards a graph theoretical approach to study gender lateralization effect in mathematical thinking

Manousos A. Klados, Chrysa Lithari, Ioannis Antoniou, Anastasia Semertzidou, Charalambos Bratsas, Sifis Micheloyannis, Panagiotis D. Bamidis

Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther

Abstract

Gender differences in mathematical thinking is a common concern of scientists from different research fields. Both parents and teachers report that males seem to perform better in complex mathematics compared to females. This study comes to shed light in the different organization of the underlying functional networks, in order to investigate the aforementioned observation, without supporting or rejecting this statement. In this sense, it is generally accepted that females use their both hemispheres to accomplish a certain task, while males use mostly the hemisphere which is properly suited. For the purposes of the current analysis, electroencephalographic recordings were collected from 11 males and 11 females, during a difficult mathematical task. Then a previously proposed model was used in order to pass from the sensor level to the cortical one, in order to examine the networks formed among the cortical dipoles. Mutual information was employed to form the graphs represeting the functional connectivity among the different dipoles, while the density, the global and the local efficiencies were further examined. The results suggest that females use their both hemisphere to solve the complex mathematical task while males use mostly their left hemisphere which is the responsible one for the mathematical thinking.
LanguageEnglish
Pages666-670
Number of pages5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

Fingerprint

gender
field research
recording
gender-specific factors
parents
mathematics
organization
efficiency
teacher

Keywords

  • Brain modeling
  • Educational institutions
  • Electroencephalography
  • Graph Theory
  • Inverse Problem
  • Mathematical Cognition
  • Mathematics
  • Mutual Information
  • Organizations
  • Scalp
  • biological techniques
  • complex mathematics
  • cortical dipoles
  • electroencephalographic recordings
  • functional connectivity
  • functional networks
  • gender lateralization effect
  • graph theoretical approach
  • mathematical task
  • mathematical thinking
  • neurophysiology

Cite this

Klados, M. A., Lithari, C., Antoniou, I., Semertzidou, A., Bratsas, C., Micheloyannis, S., & Bamidis, P. D. (2012). Towards a graph theoretical approach to study gender lateralization effect in mathematical thinking. 666-670. https://doi.org/10.1109/BIBE.2012.6399746
Klados, Manousos A. ; Lithari, Chrysa ; Antoniou, Ioannis ; Semertzidou, Anastasia ; Bratsas, Charalambos ; Micheloyannis, Sifis ; Bamidis, Panagiotis D. / Towards a graph theoretical approach to study gender lateralization effect in mathematical thinking. 5 p.
@conference{2c63a8682110469caedc45d92c1f9e08,
title = "Towards a graph theoretical approach to study gender lateralization effect in mathematical thinking",
abstract = "Gender differences in mathematical thinking is a common concern of scientists from different research fields. Both parents and teachers report that males seem to perform better in complex mathematics compared to females. This study comes to shed light in the different organization of the underlying functional networks, in order to investigate the aforementioned observation, without supporting or rejecting this statement. In this sense, it is generally accepted that females use their both hemispheres to accomplish a certain task, while males use mostly the hemisphere which is properly suited. For the purposes of the current analysis, electroencephalographic recordings were collected from 11 males and 11 females, during a difficult mathematical task. Then a previously proposed model was used in order to pass from the sensor level to the cortical one, in order to examine the networks formed among the cortical dipoles. Mutual information was employed to form the graphs represeting the functional connectivity among the different dipoles, while the density, the global and the local efficiencies were further examined. The results suggest that females use their both hemisphere to solve the complex mathematical task while males use mostly their left hemisphere which is the responsible one for the mathematical thinking.",
keywords = "Brain modeling, Educational institutions, Electroencephalography, Graph Theory, Inverse Problem, Mathematical Cognition, Mathematics, Mutual Information, Organizations, Scalp, biological techniques, complex mathematics, cortical dipoles, electroencephalographic recordings, functional connectivity, functional networks, gender lateralization effect, graph theoretical approach, mathematical task, mathematical thinking, neurophysiology",
author = "Klados, {Manousos A.} and Chrysa Lithari and Ioannis Antoniou and Anastasia Semertzidou and Charalambos Bratsas and Sifis Micheloyannis and Bamidis, {Panagiotis D.}",
year = "2012",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1109/BIBE.2012.6399746",
language = "English",
pages = "666--670",

}

Klados, MA, Lithari, C, Antoniou, I, Semertzidou, A, Bratsas, C, Micheloyannis, S & Bamidis, PD 2012, 'Towards a graph theoretical approach to study gender lateralization effect in mathematical thinking' pp. 666-670. https://doi.org/10.1109/BIBE.2012.6399746

Towards a graph theoretical approach to study gender lateralization effect in mathematical thinking. / Klados, Manousos A.; Lithari, Chrysa; Antoniou, Ioannis; Semertzidou, Anastasia; Bratsas, Charalambos; Micheloyannis, Sifis; Bamidis, Panagiotis D.

2012. 666-670.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther

TY - CONF

T1 - Towards a graph theoretical approach to study gender lateralization effect in mathematical thinking

AU - Klados, Manousos A.

AU - Lithari, Chrysa

AU - Antoniou, Ioannis

AU - Semertzidou, Anastasia

AU - Bratsas, Charalambos

AU - Micheloyannis, Sifis

AU - Bamidis, Panagiotis D.

PY - 2012/11

Y1 - 2012/11

N2 - Gender differences in mathematical thinking is a common concern of scientists from different research fields. Both parents and teachers report that males seem to perform better in complex mathematics compared to females. This study comes to shed light in the different organization of the underlying functional networks, in order to investigate the aforementioned observation, without supporting or rejecting this statement. In this sense, it is generally accepted that females use their both hemispheres to accomplish a certain task, while males use mostly the hemisphere which is properly suited. For the purposes of the current analysis, electroencephalographic recordings were collected from 11 males and 11 females, during a difficult mathematical task. Then a previously proposed model was used in order to pass from the sensor level to the cortical one, in order to examine the networks formed among the cortical dipoles. Mutual information was employed to form the graphs represeting the functional connectivity among the different dipoles, while the density, the global and the local efficiencies were further examined. The results suggest that females use their both hemisphere to solve the complex mathematical task while males use mostly their left hemisphere which is the responsible one for the mathematical thinking.

AB - Gender differences in mathematical thinking is a common concern of scientists from different research fields. Both parents and teachers report that males seem to perform better in complex mathematics compared to females. This study comes to shed light in the different organization of the underlying functional networks, in order to investigate the aforementioned observation, without supporting or rejecting this statement. In this sense, it is generally accepted that females use their both hemispheres to accomplish a certain task, while males use mostly the hemisphere which is properly suited. For the purposes of the current analysis, electroencephalographic recordings were collected from 11 males and 11 females, during a difficult mathematical task. Then a previously proposed model was used in order to pass from the sensor level to the cortical one, in order to examine the networks formed among the cortical dipoles. Mutual information was employed to form the graphs represeting the functional connectivity among the different dipoles, while the density, the global and the local efficiencies were further examined. The results suggest that females use their both hemisphere to solve the complex mathematical task while males use mostly their left hemisphere which is the responsible one for the mathematical thinking.

KW - Brain modeling

KW - Educational institutions

KW - Electroencephalography

KW - Graph Theory

KW - Inverse Problem

KW - Mathematical Cognition

KW - Mathematics

KW - Mutual Information

KW - Organizations

KW - Scalp

KW - biological techniques

KW - complex mathematics

KW - cortical dipoles

KW - electroencephalographic recordings

KW - functional connectivity

KW - functional networks

KW - gender lateralization effect

KW - graph theoretical approach

KW - mathematical task

KW - mathematical thinking

KW - neurophysiology

UR - http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/6399746/

U2 - 10.1109/BIBE.2012.6399746

DO - 10.1109/BIBE.2012.6399746

M3 - Other

SP - 666

EP - 670

ER -