Using alcohol unit-marked glasses enhances capacity to monitor intake

evidence from a mixed-method intervention trial

Richard de Visser, Clare Brown, Richard Cooke, Greg Cooper, Anjum Memon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

AIMS: In the UK, people tend to have poor knowledge of government guidelines for alcohol use, and lack the motivation and skills required to use them to monitor their drinking. The study aim was to determine whether using glasses marked with such guidelines would improve knowledge and attitudes, increase frequency of counting units and lower alcohol intake.

METHODS: A total of 450 adults in the UK participated in an intervention vs control study with 1-month follow-up. The intervention group was encouraged to use glasses supplied by the researchers that indicated the unit content of drinks of different strengths and volumes, and stated the intake guidelines. Data were collected online. A further more in-depth interview with 13 intervention group participants enquired into their experiences of using the glasses.

RESULTS: Analyses adjusted for baseline variables showed that the intervention improved the following: knowledge of unit-based guidelines, ability to estimate the unit content of drinks, attitudes toward the guidelines and frequency of counting unit intake. However, there was no significant difference in alcohol consumption between the groups at follow-up. Interviews suggested that the glasses encouraged people to think about their drinking and to discuss alcohol with other people. The design of the glasses was not appealing to all, and their initial impact did not always persist.

CONCLUSION: Use of unit-marked glasses led to changes in people's reported use of unit-based guidelines to monitor their drinking but, in the short term, no change in consumption. Qualitative data suggested that the glasses could have an impact at the individual level (on knowledge and attitudes) and at a broader level (by prompting discussion of alcohol use).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-212
Number of pages7
JournalAlcohol and Alcoholism
Volume52
Issue number2
Early online date10 Nov 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

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Glass
Alcohols
Guidelines
Drinking
Interviews
Aptitude
Alcohol Drinking
Motivation
Research Personnel

Bibliographical note

This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Alcohol and Alcoholism following peer review. The version of record de Visser, R., Brown, C., Cooke, R., Cooper, G., & Memon, A. (2017). Using alcohol unit-marked glasses enhances capacity to monitor intake: evidence from a mixed-method intervention trial. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 52(2), 206-212 is available online at:http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agw084

© The Author 2016. Medical Council on Alcohol and Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

Supplementary material is available at Alcohol and Alcoholism online.

Keywords

  • alcohol drinking
  • alcoholic beverages
  • early medical intervention
  • follow-up studies
  • United Kingdom

Cite this

de Visser, Richard ; Brown, Clare ; Cooke, Richard ; Cooper, Greg ; Memon, Anjum. / Using alcohol unit-marked glasses enhances capacity to monitor intake : evidence from a mixed-method intervention trial. In: Alcohol and Alcoholism. 2017 ; Vol. 52, No. 2. pp. 206-212.
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abstract = "AIMS: In the UK, people tend to have poor knowledge of government guidelines for alcohol use, and lack the motivation and skills required to use them to monitor their drinking. The study aim was to determine whether using glasses marked with such guidelines would improve knowledge and attitudes, increase frequency of counting units and lower alcohol intake.METHODS: A total of 450 adults in the UK participated in an intervention vs control study with 1-month follow-up. The intervention group was encouraged to use glasses supplied by the researchers that indicated the unit content of drinks of different strengths and volumes, and stated the intake guidelines. Data were collected online. A further more in-depth interview with 13 intervention group participants enquired into their experiences of using the glasses.RESULTS: Analyses adjusted for baseline variables showed that the intervention improved the following: knowledge of unit-based guidelines, ability to estimate the unit content of drinks, attitudes toward the guidelines and frequency of counting unit intake. However, there was no significant difference in alcohol consumption between the groups at follow-up. Interviews suggested that the glasses encouraged people to think about their drinking and to discuss alcohol with other people. The design of the glasses was not appealing to all, and their initial impact did not always persist.CONCLUSION: Use of unit-marked glasses led to changes in people's reported use of unit-based guidelines to monitor their drinking but, in the short term, no change in consumption. Qualitative data suggested that the glasses could have an impact at the individual level (on knowledge and attitudes) and at a broader level (by prompting discussion of alcohol use).",
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Using alcohol unit-marked glasses enhances capacity to monitor intake : evidence from a mixed-method intervention trial. / de Visser, Richard; Brown, Clare; Cooke, Richard; Cooper, Greg; Memon, Anjum.

In: Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol. 52, No. 2, 03.2017, p. 206-212.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Using alcohol unit-marked glasses enhances capacity to monitor intake

T2 - evidence from a mixed-method intervention trial

AU - de Visser, Richard

AU - Brown, Clare

AU - Cooke, Richard

AU - Cooper, Greg

AU - Memon, Anjum

N1 - This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Alcohol and Alcoholism following peer review. The version of record de Visser, R., Brown, C., Cooke, R., Cooper, G., & Memon, A. (2017). Using alcohol unit-marked glasses enhances capacity to monitor intake: evidence from a mixed-method intervention trial. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 52(2), 206-212 is available online at:http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agw084 © The Author 2016. Medical Council on Alcohol and Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Supplementary material is available at Alcohol and Alcoholism online.

PY - 2017/3

Y1 - 2017/3

N2 - AIMS: In the UK, people tend to have poor knowledge of government guidelines for alcohol use, and lack the motivation and skills required to use them to monitor their drinking. The study aim was to determine whether using glasses marked with such guidelines would improve knowledge and attitudes, increase frequency of counting units and lower alcohol intake.METHODS: A total of 450 adults in the UK participated in an intervention vs control study with 1-month follow-up. The intervention group was encouraged to use glasses supplied by the researchers that indicated the unit content of drinks of different strengths and volumes, and stated the intake guidelines. Data were collected online. A further more in-depth interview with 13 intervention group participants enquired into their experiences of using the glasses.RESULTS: Analyses adjusted for baseline variables showed that the intervention improved the following: knowledge of unit-based guidelines, ability to estimate the unit content of drinks, attitudes toward the guidelines and frequency of counting unit intake. However, there was no significant difference in alcohol consumption between the groups at follow-up. Interviews suggested that the glasses encouraged people to think about their drinking and to discuss alcohol with other people. The design of the glasses was not appealing to all, and their initial impact did not always persist.CONCLUSION: Use of unit-marked glasses led to changes in people's reported use of unit-based guidelines to monitor their drinking but, in the short term, no change in consumption. Qualitative data suggested that the glasses could have an impact at the individual level (on knowledge and attitudes) and at a broader level (by prompting discussion of alcohol use).

AB - AIMS: In the UK, people tend to have poor knowledge of government guidelines for alcohol use, and lack the motivation and skills required to use them to monitor their drinking. The study aim was to determine whether using glasses marked with such guidelines would improve knowledge and attitudes, increase frequency of counting units and lower alcohol intake.METHODS: A total of 450 adults in the UK participated in an intervention vs control study with 1-month follow-up. The intervention group was encouraged to use glasses supplied by the researchers that indicated the unit content of drinks of different strengths and volumes, and stated the intake guidelines. Data were collected online. A further more in-depth interview with 13 intervention group participants enquired into their experiences of using the glasses.RESULTS: Analyses adjusted for baseline variables showed that the intervention improved the following: knowledge of unit-based guidelines, ability to estimate the unit content of drinks, attitudes toward the guidelines and frequency of counting unit intake. However, there was no significant difference in alcohol consumption between the groups at follow-up. Interviews suggested that the glasses encouraged people to think about their drinking and to discuss alcohol with other people. The design of the glasses was not appealing to all, and their initial impact did not always persist.CONCLUSION: Use of unit-marked glasses led to changes in people's reported use of unit-based guidelines to monitor their drinking but, in the short term, no change in consumption. Qualitative data suggested that the glasses could have an impact at the individual level (on knowledge and attitudes) and at a broader level (by prompting discussion of alcohol use).

KW - alcohol drinking

KW - alcoholic beverages

KW - early medical intervention

KW - follow-up studies

KW - United Kingdom

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U2 - 10.1093/alcalc/agw084

DO - 10.1093/alcalc/agw084

M3 - Article

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