Utilization of Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) in Smart Grid: A Review

Inji Atteya, Nagi R Fahmi, Danielle R Strickland, H.A. Ashour

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The uncertainty in fuel cost, the ageing of most existing grid, the
lack of utilities’ supply capacity to respond to the increasing load
demand, and the lack of automatically power restoration,
accelerate the need to modernize the distribution network by
introducing new technologies, putting the smart grid (SG) on
spot. The aim of this paper is to carry out a detailed survey of the
major requirements of (SG) and discuss the operational
challenges arising from the integration of distributed generation
(DG) in distribution networks (DN). These requirements dictate
the necessity to review the energy and communication
infrastructure, the automatic control, metering and monitoring
systems, and highlight the features of smart protection system for
a robust and efficient distribution grid. In addition, the paper
aims to classify the energy storage systems (ESS) and explain
their role for utilities, consumers and for environment. This
includes the pumped hydro systems (PHS) and compressed air
systems (CAS), battery energy storage systems (BESSs), double
layer and superconductive capacitors, and electric vehicles (EVs).
Since BESSs emerged as one of the most promising technology
for several power applications, the paper presents an overview of
their main features, management and control systems and
operational modes. A survey about the utilization of BESSs in
power system is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)855 - 861
Number of pages6
JournalRenewable Energy and Power Quality Journal
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2016
EventInternational Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality (ICREPQ’16) - Madrid, Spain
Duration: 4 May 20166 May 2016


  • Smart Grid (SG), Energy Storage systems (ESS), Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS), Battery Management Systems (BMS), Battery Storage Applications.


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