Vibration as a possible explanation for putative electromagnetic field effects: a case study on marine diatoms

M.S. Davies, W.T. Norris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: We examined the conjecture that mechanical vibration, being an uncontrolled and variable factor from one trial to another, might explain the inconsistency of results from investigations of the influence of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on the Ca-dependent motility of marine diatoms (Amphora coffeaeformis, strain #2038). 

Materials and methods: Owing to slight differences in culture of diatoms in previous studies, culture techniques are described in detail here. Diatoms showed maximal motility in logarithmic growth and motility was dependent on external [Ca], reducing at < 0.25 mM added Ca. Ninety-six different vertical vibration treatments were applied to the petri dishes containing the agar on which the diatoms were placed. The envelope of amplitudes varied from 50-500 μm at 10 Hz to 100 nm-1 μm at 500 Hz. 

Results: No significant effect of the mechanical vibrations on the motility response of diatoms was observed. We were unable to impose deliberate vibrations in a horizontal direction though some component of horizontal movement was probably present in our tests.

Conclusions: The results imply that the variability of earlier experiments with extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields is unlikely to be ascribable to mechanical vibration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-718
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
Volume80
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004

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Electromagnetic field effects
Diatoms
Electromagnetic Fields
Bacillariophyceae
algae
Vibration
vibration
locomotion
Electromagnetic fields
electromagnetic fields
case studies
extremely low frequencies
culture techniques
Amphora
Culture Techniques
parabolic reflectors
Experiments
Agar
envelopes
agar

Cite this

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abstract = "Purpose: We examined the conjecture that mechanical vibration, being an uncontrolled and variable factor from one trial to another, might explain the inconsistency of results from investigations of the influence of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on the Ca-dependent motility of marine diatoms (Amphora coffeaeformis, strain #2038). Materials and methods: Owing to slight differences in culture of diatoms in previous studies, culture techniques are described in detail here. Diatoms showed maximal motility in logarithmic growth and motility was dependent on external [Ca], reducing at < 0.25 mM added Ca. Ninety-six different vertical vibration treatments were applied to the petri dishes containing the agar on which the diatoms were placed. The envelope of amplitudes varied from 50-500 μm at 10 Hz to 100 nm-1 μm at 500 Hz. Results: No significant effect of the mechanical vibrations on the motility response of diatoms was observed. We were unable to impose deliberate vibrations in a horizontal direction though some component of horizontal movement was probably present in our tests.Conclusions: The results imply that the variability of earlier experiments with extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields is unlikely to be ascribable to mechanical vibration.",
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Vibration as a possible explanation for putative electromagnetic field effects : a case study on marine diatoms. / Davies, M.S.; Norris, W.T.

In: International Journal of Radiation Biology, Vol. 80, No. 10, 10.2004, p. 709-718.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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