The transmission loss in polymer optical fiber (POF) is much higher than that in silica fiber. Very strong absorption bands dominate throughout the visible and near infrared. Optical absorption increases the internal temperature of the polymer fiber and reduces the wavelength of any POF Bragg grating (POFBG) inscribed within the fiber. In this letter, we have investigated the wavelength drift of FBGs inscribed in poly(methyl methacrylate)-based fiber under illumination at different wavelengths. The experiments have shown that the characteristic wavelength of such a POFBG starts decreasing after a light source is applied to it. This decrease continues until equilibrium inside the fiber is established, depending on the surrounding humidity, optical power applied, and operation wavelength.
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- fiber bragg gratings
- humidity dependence
- photothermal effects polymer optical fiber