A study of mechanochemical reactions of spin traps in hydrocarbon polymers

  • M.H. Zarif Najafi Nooshin

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy

Abstract

The identification and quantification of spin adducts and their reduction products (>NOH, >NOR) formed from nitroso compounds and nitrones in EPR and PP during spin trapping techniques have been examined. The nitroxyl yield and polymer bound nitroxyl percentage formed from these spin traps were found to be strongly dependent on the nature of spin trap and radical generator, processing temperature, and irradiation time. The nitroxyl yield and % bound nitroxyl of the spin traps improved significantly in the presence of Trigonox 101 and 2-0H benzophenone.
The effect of these spin traps used as normal additive and their spin adducts in the form of EPR-masterbatch on the photo and thermal-oxidation of PP have been studied. Aliphatic nitroso compounds were found to have much better photo-antioxidant activity than nitrones and aromatic nitroso compounds, and their antioxidant activity improved appreciably in the presence of, a free radical generator, Trigonox 101, before and after extraction.
The effect of heat, light and oxidising agent (meta-dichloro per benzoic acid) on the nitroxyl yield of nitroso tertiary butane in solution as a model study has been investigated and a cyclic regenerative process involving both chain breaking acceptor and chain breaking donor process has been proposed.
Date of AwardSep 1990
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorSahar Al-Malaika (Supervisor)

Keywords

  • spin trap
  • spin trapping technique
  • nitroxyl radicals
  • polymer-bound nitroxyls
  • photo-antioxidant activity

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