Mapping nitro-tyrosine modifications in fibrinogen by mass spectrometry as a biomarker for inflammatory disease

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There is a growing awareness that inflammatory diseases have an oxidative pathology, which can result in specific oxidation of amino acids within proteins. It is known that patients with inflammatory disease have higher levels of plasma protein nitro-tyrosine than healthy controls. Fibrinogen is an abundant plasma protein, highly susceptible to such oxidative modifications, and is therefore a potential marker for oxidative protein damage. The aim of this study was to map tyrosine nitration in fibrinogen under oxidative conditions and identify susceptible residues. Fibrinogen was oxidised with 0.25mM and 1mM SIN-1, a peroxynitrite generator, and methionine was used to quench excess oxidant in the samples. The carbonyl assay was used to confirm oxidation in the samples. The carbonyl levels were 2.3, 8.72 and 11.5nmol/mg protein in 0, 0.25mM and 1mM SIN-1 samples respectively. The samples were run on a SDS-PAGE gel and tryptically digested before analysis by HPLC MS-MS. All 3 chains of fibrinogen were observed for all treatment conditions. The overall sequence coverage for fibrinogen determined by Mascot was between 60-75%. The oxidised samples showed increases in oxidative modifications in both alpha and beta chains, commonly methionine sulfoxide and tyrosine nitration, correlating with increasing SIN-1 treatment. Tyrosines that were most susceptible were Tyr135 (tryptic peptide YLQEIYNSNNQK) and Tyr277 (tryptic peptide GGSTSYGTGSETESPR), but several other nitrated tyrosines were also identified with high confidence. Identification of these susceptible peptides will allow design of sequences-specific biomarkers of oxidative and nitrative damage to plasma protein in inflammatory conditions.

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Original languageEnglish
Article numberP87
Pages (from-to)S50
Number of pages1
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Issue numberSuppl.1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014

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