Receptor Activity Modifying Proteins (RAMPs) interact with the VPAC2 Receptor and CRF1 receptors and modulate their function

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Background and Purpose Although it is established that the receptor activity modifying proteins (RAMPs) can interact with a number of GPCRs, little is known about the consequences of these interactions. Here the interaction of RAMPs with the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1 receptor), the human vasoactive intestinal polypeptide/pituitary AC-Activating peptide 2 receptor (VPAC) and the type 1 corticotrophin releasing factor receptor (CRF) has been examined. Experimental Approach GPCRs were co-transfected with RAMPs in HEK 293S and CHO-K1 cells. Cell surface expression of RAMPs and GPCRs was examined by elisa. Where there was evidence for interactions, agonist-stimulated cAMP production, Ca mobilization and GTPγS binding to G, G, G and G were examined. The ability of CRF to stimulate adrenal corticotrophic hormone release in Ramp2 mice was assessed. Key Results The GLP-1 receptor failed to enhance the cell surface expression of any RAMP. VPAC enhanced the cell surface expression of all three RAMPs. CRF enhanced the cell surface expression of RAMP2; the cell surface expression of CRF was also increased. There was no effect on agonist-stimulated cAMP production. However, there was enhanced G-protein coupling in a receptor and agonist-dependent manner. The CRF: RAMP2 complex resulted in enhanced elevation of intracellular calcium to CRF and urocortin 1 but not sauvagine. In Ramp2 mice, there was a loss of responsiveness to CRF. Conclusions and Implications The VPAC and CRF receptors interact with RAMPs. This modulates G-protein coupling in an agonist-specific manner. For CRF, coupling to RAMP2 may be of physiological significance. © 2012 The Authors. British Journal of Pharmacology © 2012 The British Pharmacological Society.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)822-834
Number of pages13
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number4
Early online date5 Sep 2012
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013


  • receptor activity-modifying proteins, RAMP1, RAMP2, RAMP3, VPAC2 receptor, CRF1 receptor, Ramp2+/- mice, G-protein coupling, biased agonism

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