A comparative study of appropriateness and mechanisms of hard and soft technologies transfer

David Botchie, David Sarpong*, Jianxiang Bi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Technology transfer continues to play a significant role in fostering economic growth, enterprise and human capability development in many emerging and developing economies. In this paper, we examine the appropriateness and mechanism of hard and soft technology transfer in the African cotton industry. Focusing on Uganda, a land-locked African country, we comparatively examined the appropriateness and pro-poor nature of Indian and US made hard and soft ginning technologies transferred into Uganda. Data for our inquiry come from two cotton ginneries in the eastern region of Uganda. We found that a technology transferred into a developing economy can only be appropriate if both the hard and soft component of the technology is transferred into the economy. Our study also reveals that while ginning technologies from India appear to be much more appropriate relative to those from USA, they are not environmentally friendly and affordable for those at the bottom of the pyramid. In addition, the long staple cotton lint the Indian made technologies churn out tends to attract higher prices on the international market. Nevertheless, ginning technologies from the United States tend to have very high rates of production. Implication for theory and policy are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-226
Number of pages13
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
Early online date31 Aug 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018


  • Appropriate technology
  • Cotton ginning
  • Hard and soft technology
  • India
  • Technology transfer
  • Uganda
  • USA


Dive into the research topics of 'A comparative study of appropriateness and mechanisms of hard and soft technologies transfer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this