A Comprehensive Review of the Dynamic Applications of the Digital Twin Technology Across Diverse Energy Sectors

Firas B. Ismail *, Hussein Al-Faiz, Hasril Hasini, Ammar Al-Bazi, Hussein Kazem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The energy supply sector, encompassing vital components such as generation, transmission, and distribution, holds a pivotal role in satisfying the energy demands of modern society. Its intricate web of technologies and infrastructure ensures the reliable provision of electricity from diverse fuel sources, bolstering economic advancement and enhancing overall living standards worldwide. In the context of ongoing global energy transitions, the energy sector assumes a critical role in addressing the escalating demand for alternative energy sources and adapting resource allocation strategies to align with evolving societal energy requirements. Nonetheless, the energy supply sector confronts formidable challenges, including infrastructure degradation and grid instability. Not only that, but the demand of energy supply is also expected to rise by 50% by 2050. To counter these issues and enable predictive maintenance and grid optimization, digital twin solutions have emerged as a necessity. This is particularly significant as industry integrates renewable and non-renewable energy sources while managing risks in a dynamic energy landscape that undergoes constant transformation. This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the myriad applications, benefits, and impediments associated with digital twin technology within the energy supply sector. Employing a methodological framework grounded in systematic reviews, detailed case studies, and extensive data analysis, this review article utilizes illustrative diagrams and
visual aids to enhance clarity and comprehension. These pedagogical tools elucidate essential concepts for the deployment of digital twin technology in the energy supply industry. The analysis reveals that 4.81% (35 out of 727) of the reviewed papers explored the application of digital twins in various energy sectors. The review paper yields several significant findings, including a meticulous synthesis of existing literature, an in-depth examination of case studies, an exploration of emerging trends, and the provision of informative visual aids. These collective insights offer a comprehensive grasp of the application and impact of digital twin technology in the energy supply sector.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101334
Number of pages17
JournalEnergy Strategy Reviews
Early online date23 Feb 2024
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2024 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Data Access Statement

No data was used for the research described in the article.


  • Digital Twins
  • Energy management
  • Electrical power supply system
  • Energy supply industry renewable and non-renewable energy sources


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