A qualitative study examining everyday frailty management strategies adopted by Polish stakeholders

Maria Magdalena Bujnowska-Fedak, Holly Gwyther, Katarzyna Szwamel, Barbara D'Avanzo, Carol Holland, Rachel L Shaw, Donata Kurpas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Frailty is a multidimensional clinical state that is common in older age and can be managed through intervention. Strategies to manage frailty have not been previously explored with stakeholders in Poland. This may stem from misperceptions about the nature and malleability of frailty, which has resulted in it being viewed as a lower priority healthcare concern. Objectives: To explore stakeholders' views to determine whether there are effective everyday strategies that they can adopt to reduce, reverse or prevent frailty. Methods: Semi-structured focus groups were conducted with five stakeholder groups (frail/pre-frail and robust older adults, health and social care professionals and family caregivers) in Poland ( n  = 44). Data was analysed using a reflexive thematic analysis approach. Results: Two themes were developed. The first emphasized both the positive everyday and more effortful strategies used by individuals to counter frailty; these included the adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviours, social engagement and shared experiences. Stakeholders perceived that older adults, even frail ones, might benefit from engaging in meaningful activities to build resilience against frailty. The second examined formal interventions delivered by health and social care professionals. Stakeholders noted the need to increase awareness of the malleability of frailty among professionals. Conclusion: Raising awareness of the malleability of frailty amongst health and social care professionals is critical. Further, information provision and personal support should be essential elements of health interventions aimed at older adults and family caregivers. Interventions to support resilience building in older adults should also be framed within a model of fostering self-efficacy.[Box: see text].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-204
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of General Practice
Issue number4
Early online date7 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

Bibliographical note

© 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits
unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


  • Frailty
  • general practice
  • preventive medicine


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