Analysis of CO 2 emissions and techno-economic feasibility of an electric commercial vehicle

José Ricardo Sodré, Eduardo Aparecido Moreira Falcão, Ana Carolina Rodrigues Teixeira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In order to attain emissions reduction targets to improve air quality and reduce global warming, electric vehicles (EVs) arise as alternatives to conventional vehicles fueled by fossil fuels. In this context, this work presents a comparative study between an EV and its conventional version, a medium-duty, diesel engine powered vehicle, from road tests following a standard cycle in urban driving conditions. The performance parameters evaluated are EV electric energy consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from electricity generation and, for the conventional vehicle, exhaust CO2 emissions and energy consumption calculated from fuel consumption and heating value. Five scenarios were built to conduct an economic viability study in terms of payback and net present value (NPV). Considering the conditions applied, the results from the environmental analysis showed that CO2 emissions from the EV was 4.6 times lower in comparison with the diesel vehicle. On the other hand, the economic analysis revealed that the viability of the EV is compromised, mainly due to the imported parts with unfavorably high exchange rates. In the best scenario and not considering revenue from commercial application, the calculated payback period of the EV is 13 years of operation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-307
JournalApplied Energy
Volume193
Early online date24 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017

Fingerprint

electric vehicle
Commercial vehicles
Electric vehicles
Economics
economics
Energy utilization
Economic analysis
electricity generation
diesel engine
fuel consumption
Global warming
economic analysis
exchange rate
Fossil fuels
Air quality
Fuel consumption
fossil fuel
diesel
Diesel engines
commercial vehicle

Bibliographical note

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Cite this

Sodré, José Ricardo ; Falcão, Eduardo Aparecido Moreira ; Teixeira, Ana Carolina Rodrigues. / Analysis of CO 2 emissions and techno-economic feasibility of an electric commercial vehicle. In: Applied Energy. 2017 ; Vol. 193. pp. 297-307.
@article{995ae98fd4d74bc18cac113188a51857,
title = "Analysis of CO 2 emissions and techno-economic feasibility of an electric commercial vehicle",
abstract = "In order to attain emissions reduction targets to improve air quality and reduce global warming, electric vehicles (EVs) arise as alternatives to conventional vehicles fueled by fossil fuels. In this context, this work presents a comparative study between an EV and its conventional version, a medium-duty, diesel engine powered vehicle, from road tests following a standard cycle in urban driving conditions. The performance parameters evaluated are EV electric energy consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from electricity generation and, for the conventional vehicle, exhaust CO2 emissions and energy consumption calculated from fuel consumption and heating value. Five scenarios were built to conduct an economic viability study in terms of payback and net present value (NPV). Considering the conditions applied, the results from the environmental analysis showed that CO2 emissions from the EV was 4.6 times lower in comparison with the diesel vehicle. On the other hand, the economic analysis revealed that the viability of the EV is compromised, mainly due to the imported parts with unfavorably high exchange rates. In the best scenario and not considering revenue from commercial application, the calculated payback period of the EV is 13 years of operation.",
author = "Sodr{\'e}, {Jos{\'e} Ricardo} and Falc{\~a}o, {Eduardo Aparecido Moreira} and Teixeira, {Ana Carolina Rodrigues}",
note = "{\circledC} 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.02.050",
language = "English",
volume = "193",
pages = "297--307",
journal = "Applied Energy",
issn = "0306-2619",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Analysis of CO 2 emissions and techno-economic feasibility of an electric commercial vehicle. / Sodré, José Ricardo; Falcão, Eduardo Aparecido Moreira; Teixeira, Ana Carolina Rodrigues.

In: Applied Energy, Vol. 193, 01.05.2017, p. 297-307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of CO 2 emissions and techno-economic feasibility of an electric commercial vehicle

AU - Sodré, José Ricardo

AU - Falcão, Eduardo Aparecido Moreira

AU - Teixeira, Ana Carolina Rodrigues

N1 - © 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - In order to attain emissions reduction targets to improve air quality and reduce global warming, electric vehicles (EVs) arise as alternatives to conventional vehicles fueled by fossil fuels. In this context, this work presents a comparative study between an EV and its conventional version, a medium-duty, diesel engine powered vehicle, from road tests following a standard cycle in urban driving conditions. The performance parameters evaluated are EV electric energy consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from electricity generation and, for the conventional vehicle, exhaust CO2 emissions and energy consumption calculated from fuel consumption and heating value. Five scenarios were built to conduct an economic viability study in terms of payback and net present value (NPV). Considering the conditions applied, the results from the environmental analysis showed that CO2 emissions from the EV was 4.6 times lower in comparison with the diesel vehicle. On the other hand, the economic analysis revealed that the viability of the EV is compromised, mainly due to the imported parts with unfavorably high exchange rates. In the best scenario and not considering revenue from commercial application, the calculated payback period of the EV is 13 years of operation.

AB - In order to attain emissions reduction targets to improve air quality and reduce global warming, electric vehicles (EVs) arise as alternatives to conventional vehicles fueled by fossil fuels. In this context, this work presents a comparative study between an EV and its conventional version, a medium-duty, diesel engine powered vehicle, from road tests following a standard cycle in urban driving conditions. The performance parameters evaluated are EV electric energy consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from electricity generation and, for the conventional vehicle, exhaust CO2 emissions and energy consumption calculated from fuel consumption and heating value. Five scenarios were built to conduct an economic viability study in terms of payback and net present value (NPV). Considering the conditions applied, the results from the environmental analysis showed that CO2 emissions from the EV was 4.6 times lower in comparison with the diesel vehicle. On the other hand, the economic analysis revealed that the viability of the EV is compromised, mainly due to the imported parts with unfavorably high exchange rates. In the best scenario and not considering revenue from commercial application, the calculated payback period of the EV is 13 years of operation.

UR - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306261917301794

U2 - 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.02.050

DO - 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.02.050

M3 - Article

VL - 193

SP - 297

EP - 307

JO - Applied Energy

JF - Applied Energy

SN - 0306-2619

ER -