Behaviour of grout-filled double-skin tubular steel stub-columns: Numerical modelling and design considerations

Nikolaos I. Tziavos, Michaela Gkantou, Marios Theofanous, Samir Dirar, Charalampos Baniotopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The use of grout-filled double-skin tubular (GFDST) sections in civil, bridge and offshore engineering applications is rapidly increasing. The design of such composite members is not directly covered by design codes, despite recent research studies investigating their performance, proposing design equations or modifying existing codified methods. Aiming to extend the available pool of structural performance data, the current study reports the results of an extensive numerical investigation on GFDST stub-columns. Finite element (FE) models, are developed and validated against published test data. A parametric investigation is conducted to evaluate the effect of key parameters, including cross-sectional slenderness, hollow ratio and the effect of concrete infill on the capacity of GFDST members. The numerically obtained load capacities along with collated test data are utilised to assess the applicability of design strength predictions based on European Code (EC4), the American Concrete Institute (ACI) and the analytical models proposed by Han et al. and Yu et al. Overall, the modified Yu et al. provided strength predictions with low scatter, whereas ACI yielded overly conservative predictions particularly for smaller hollow ratios.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1623-1636
Early online date7 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


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