Catalytic Upgrading of Holocellulose‐Derived C5 and C6 Sugars

Xingguang Zhang, Zhijun Tai, Amin Osatiashtiani, Lee J. Durndell, Adam F. Lee, Karen Wilson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputChapter


Biorefineries are a new concept in chemical manufacturing in which naturally occurring, sustainable biomass resources such as forestry and agricultural waste are converted to diverse fuel and chemical product streams, akin to the processing of non‐renewable fossil fuels by petrochemical refineries. Polysaccharides are attractive potential feedstocks for biorefineries, with the transformation of C5 and C6 sugars offering routes to the production of fine, bulk, and platform chemicals typically produced via petrochemical routes. The transformation of biomass‐derived building blocks will require different processes to those currently employed in the petrochemical industry, wherein highly functional biomolecules are selectively deoxygenated to their target product, which requires new classes of catalyst that are compatible with hydrophilic, bulky substrates. Here, we review recent advances in the design and development of catalysts and processes for C5–C6 sugar reforming into chemical intermediates and products and highlight the challenges of aqueous phase operation and catalyst evaluation, in addition to process considerations such as solvent and reactor selection.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChemical Catalysts for Biomass Upgrading
EditorsM. Crocker, E. Santillan‐Jimenez
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Dec 2019

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


  • Biorefining
  • Solid acids
  • solid bases
  • hydrodeoxygenation
  • Platform chemicals
  • Carbohydrates
  • Glucose
  • Fructose
  • Biofuels


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