1 Adrenomedullin (AM) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) have structural similarities, interact with each others receptors (calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR)/receptor-activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs)) and show overlapping biological activities. AM and CGRP receptors are chiefly coupled to cAMP production. In this study, a method of primary dissociated cell culture was used to investigate the presence of AM and CGRP receptors and their effects on cAMP production in embryonic spinal cord cells. 2 Both neuronal and non-neuronal CLR immunopositive cells were present in our model. 3 High affinity, specific [ 125I]-AM binding sites (K(d) 79±9 pM and B(max) 571±34 fmol mg -1 protein) were more abundant than specific [ 125I]-CGRP binding sites (K(d) 12±0.7 pM and B(max) 32±2 fmol mg -1 protein) in embryonic spinal cord cells. 4 Specific [ 125I]-AM binding was competed by related molecules with a ligand selectivity profile of rAM>hAM(22-52)>rCGRPα>CGRP(8-37) ≫[r-(r*,s*)]-N-[2-[[5-amino-1-[[4-(4-pyridinyl)-1-piperazinyl] carbonyl]pentyl]amino]-1-[(3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxyphenyl)methyl]-2-oxoethyl]-4-(1, 4-dihydro-2-oxo-3(2H)-quinazolinyl)-,1-piperidinecarboxamide (BIBN4096BS). 5 Specific [ 125I]-CGRP binding was competed by rCGRPα>rAM≥ CGRP(8-37)≥BIBN4096BS>hAM(22-52). 6 Cellular levels of cAMP were increased by AM (pEC"5"0 10.2±0.2) and less potently by rCGRPα (pEC"5"0 8.9±0.4). rCGRPα-induced cAMP accumulation was effectively inhibited by CGRP(8-37) (pA"2 7.63±0.44) and hAM(22-52) (pA"2 6.18±0.21) while AM-stimulation of cAMP levels was inhibited by CGRP(8-37) (pA"2 7.41±0.15) and AM(22-52) (pA"2 7.26±0.18). BIBN4096BS only antagonized the effects of CGRP (pA"2 8.40±0.30) on cAMP accumulation. 7 These pharmacological profiles suggest that effects of CGRP are mediated by the CGRP"1 (CLR/RAMP1) receptor in our model while those of AM are related to the activation of the AM"1 (CLR/RAMP2) receptor subtype. © 2006 Nature Publishing Group All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||British Journal of Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Jun 2006|
- gene-related peptide
- cultured cyclic AMP female
- Sprague-Dawley receptors
- spinal cord