Industrial path development in the UK space sector: processes of legitimacy building in the establishment of Space 2.0

Chloe A. Billing, John R. Bryson*, Anastasios Kitsos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper explores the processes behind legitimacy building and its role in new path creation and the path transformation or the ‘de-locking’ of an established industry. We use a mixed-methods approach and focus on the emergence of ‘New Space’ or Space 2.0 in the UK, a new-to-the-world industry, with radically different products and/or conventions. Legitimation of new product categories is essential to enable future adoption by regulators and consumers. Our findings suggest that this is not a linear process but involves interlayering, or complex feedback loops, between three distinct types of legitimacy building: regulatory, normative, and cognitive. Failure in some of these feedback loops, for example, problems with altering regulatory legitimacy, would prevent the formation of new industrial pathways with significant implications for the development of new-to-the-world and new-to-region industries.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIndustry and Innovation
Early online date22 Jan 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

© 2024 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The terms on which this article has been published allow the posting of the Accepted Manuscript in a repository by the author(s) or with their consent.


  • Industrial path development
  • Space 2.0
  • Space sector
  • de-locking; new-to-region industries
  • legitimacy building


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