Interferometric and fibre Bragg grating sensor interrogation using an arrayed waveguide grating

David C.C. Norman, David J. Webb, Ralf D. Pechstedt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We investigate the use of an arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) to interrogate both fibre Bragg grating (FBG) and interferometric sensors. A broadband light source is used to illuminate both the FBG and interferometric sensors. Reflected spectral information is directed to an AWG with integral photodetectors providing 40 electrical outputs. To interrogate interferometric sensors we investigated the dual wavelength technique to measure the distance of a Fabry-Perot cavity, which produced a maximum unambiguous range of 1440μm with an active sensor. Three methods are described to interrogate FBG sensors. The first technique makes use of the reflected light intensity in an AWG channel passband from a narrow bandwidth grating, giving a usable range of 500με and a dynamic strain resolution of 96nε/√Hz at 30Hz. The second approach utilises wide gratings larger than the channel spacing of the AWG; by monitoring the intensity present in corresponding AWG channels an improved range of 1890με was achieved. The third method improves the dynamic range by utilising a heterodyne approach based on interferometric wavelength shift detection providing a dynamic strain resolution of 17nε/√Hz at 30Hz.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOptical sensing
EditorsBrian Culshaw, Anna G. Mignani, Rainer Riesenberg
PublisherSPIE
Pages101-108
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)978-0-8194-5381-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004
EventOptical Sensing - Strasbourg, France
Duration: 26 Apr 200427 Apr 2004

Publication series

NameSPIE proceedings
PublisherSPIE
Volume5459
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceOptical Sensing
CountryFrance
CityStrasbourg
Period26/04/0427/04/04

Fingerprint

Arrayed waveguide gratings
interrogation
Fiber Bragg gratings
Bragg gratings
gratings
waveguides
fibers
sensors
Sensors
Diffraction gratings
Wavelength
Photodetectors
Light sources
wavelengths
Bandwidth
luminous intensity
dynamic range
photometers
light sources
Monitoring

Bibliographical note

David C. C. Norman ; David J. Webb and Ralf D. Pechstedt; "Interferometric and fibre Bragg grating sensor interrogation using an arrayed waveguide grating", Proc. SPIE 5459, Optical Sensing, 101 (September 1, 2004).

Copyright 2004 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.545069

Keywords

  • arrayed waveguide grating
  • fibre Bragg grating
  • interferometric
  • Mach-Zehnder
  • Sensor

Cite this

Norman, D. C. C., Webb, D. J., & Pechstedt, R. D. (2004). Interferometric and fibre Bragg grating sensor interrogation using an arrayed waveguide grating. In B. Culshaw, A. G. Mignani, & R. Riesenberg (Eds.), Optical sensing (pp. 101-108). (SPIE proceedings; Vol. 5459). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.545069
Norman, David C.C. ; Webb, David J. ; Pechstedt, Ralf D. / Interferometric and fibre Bragg grating sensor interrogation using an arrayed waveguide grating. Optical sensing. editor / Brian Culshaw ; Anna G. Mignani ; Rainer Riesenberg. SPIE, 2004. pp. 101-108 (SPIE proceedings).
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Norman, DCC, Webb, DJ & Pechstedt, RD 2004, Interferometric and fibre Bragg grating sensor interrogation using an arrayed waveguide grating. in B Culshaw, AG Mignani & R Riesenberg (eds), Optical sensing. SPIE proceedings, vol. 5459, SPIE, pp. 101-108, Optical Sensing, Strasbourg, France, 26/04/04. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.545069

Interferometric and fibre Bragg grating sensor interrogation using an arrayed waveguide grating. / Norman, David C.C.; Webb, David J.; Pechstedt, Ralf D.

Optical sensing. ed. / Brian Culshaw; Anna G. Mignani; Rainer Riesenberg. SPIE, 2004. p. 101-108 (SPIE proceedings; Vol. 5459).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - We investigate the use of an arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) to interrogate both fibre Bragg grating (FBG) and interferometric sensors. A broadband light source is used to illuminate both the FBG and interferometric sensors. Reflected spectral information is directed to an AWG with integral photodetectors providing 40 electrical outputs. To interrogate interferometric sensors we investigated the dual wavelength technique to measure the distance of a Fabry-Perot cavity, which produced a maximum unambiguous range of 1440μm with an active sensor. Three methods are described to interrogate FBG sensors. The first technique makes use of the reflected light intensity in an AWG channel passband from a narrow bandwidth grating, giving a usable range of 500με and a dynamic strain resolution of 96nε/√Hz at 30Hz. The second approach utilises wide gratings larger than the channel spacing of the AWG; by monitoring the intensity present in corresponding AWG channels an improved range of 1890με was achieved. The third method improves the dynamic range by utilising a heterodyne approach based on interferometric wavelength shift detection providing a dynamic strain resolution of 17nε/√Hz at 30Hz.

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Norman DCC, Webb DJ, Pechstedt RD. Interferometric and fibre Bragg grating sensor interrogation using an arrayed waveguide grating. In Culshaw B, Mignani AG, Riesenberg R, editors, Optical sensing. SPIE. 2004. p. 101-108. (SPIE proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.545069