Look who's talking! Facial appearance can bias source monitoring

Robert A. Nash, Olwen M. Bryer, Friederike Schlaghecken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

When we see a stranger's face we quickly form impressions of his or her personality, and expectations of how the stranger might behave. Might these intuitive character judgements bias source monitoring? Participants read headlines "reported" by a trustworthy- and an untrustworthy-looking reporter. Subsequently, participants recalled which reporter provided each headline. Source memory for likely-sounding headlines was most accurate when a trustworthy-looking reporter had provided the headlines. Conversely, source memory for unlikely-sounding headlines was most accurate when an untrustworthy-looking reporter had provided the headlines. This bias appeared to be driven by the use of decision criteria during retrieval rather than differences in memory encoding. Nevertheless, the bias was apparently unrelated to variations in subjective confidence. These results show for the first time that intuitive, stereotyped judgements of others' appearance can bias memory attributions analogously to the biases that occur when people receive explicit information to distinguish sources. We suggest possible real-life consequences of these stereotype-driven source-monitoring biases.

LanguageEnglish
Pages451-457
Number of pages7
JournalMemory
Volume18
Issue number4
Early online date19 Apr 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

Personality
Source Monitoring
Headlines
pyrachlostrobin
Stranger
Source Memory
Stereotypes
Encoding
Attribution
Confidence
Real Life

Bibliographical note

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Memory on 19 April 2010, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09658211003742706

Keywords

  • attribution bias
  • facial appearance
  • source monitoring
  • stereotype

Cite this

Nash, Robert A. ; Bryer, Olwen M. ; Schlaghecken, Friederike. / Look who's talking! Facial appearance can bias source monitoring. In: Memory. 2010 ; Vol. 18, No. 4. pp. 451-457.
@article{af81dc5308ad48e3a2a397c3744e5d58,
title = "Look who's talking! Facial appearance can bias source monitoring",
abstract = "When we see a stranger's face we quickly form impressions of his or her personality, and expectations of how the stranger might behave. Might these intuitive character judgements bias source monitoring? Participants read headlines {"}reported{"} by a trustworthy- and an untrustworthy-looking reporter. Subsequently, participants recalled which reporter provided each headline. Source memory for likely-sounding headlines was most accurate when a trustworthy-looking reporter had provided the headlines. Conversely, source memory for unlikely-sounding headlines was most accurate when an untrustworthy-looking reporter had provided the headlines. This bias appeared to be driven by the use of decision criteria during retrieval rather than differences in memory encoding. Nevertheless, the bias was apparently unrelated to variations in subjective confidence. These results show for the first time that intuitive, stereotyped judgements of others' appearance can bias memory attributions analogously to the biases that occur when people receive explicit information to distinguish sources. We suggest possible real-life consequences of these stereotype-driven source-monitoring biases.",
keywords = "attribution bias, facial appearance, source monitoring, stereotype",
author = "Nash, {Robert A.} and Bryer, {Olwen M.} and Friederike Schlaghecken",
note = "This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Memory on 19 April 2010, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09658211003742706",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1080/09658211003742706",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "451--457",
journal = "Memory",
issn = "0965-8211",
publisher = "Psychology Press",
number = "4",

}

Look who's talking! Facial appearance can bias source monitoring. / Nash, Robert A.; Bryer, Olwen M.; Schlaghecken, Friederike.

In: Memory, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2010, p. 451-457.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Look who's talking! Facial appearance can bias source monitoring

AU - Nash, Robert A.

AU - Bryer, Olwen M.

AU - Schlaghecken, Friederike

N1 - This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Memory on 19 April 2010, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09658211003742706

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - When we see a stranger's face we quickly form impressions of his or her personality, and expectations of how the stranger might behave. Might these intuitive character judgements bias source monitoring? Participants read headlines "reported" by a trustworthy- and an untrustworthy-looking reporter. Subsequently, participants recalled which reporter provided each headline. Source memory for likely-sounding headlines was most accurate when a trustworthy-looking reporter had provided the headlines. Conversely, source memory for unlikely-sounding headlines was most accurate when an untrustworthy-looking reporter had provided the headlines. This bias appeared to be driven by the use of decision criteria during retrieval rather than differences in memory encoding. Nevertheless, the bias was apparently unrelated to variations in subjective confidence. These results show for the first time that intuitive, stereotyped judgements of others' appearance can bias memory attributions analogously to the biases that occur when people receive explicit information to distinguish sources. We suggest possible real-life consequences of these stereotype-driven source-monitoring biases.

AB - When we see a stranger's face we quickly form impressions of his or her personality, and expectations of how the stranger might behave. Might these intuitive character judgements bias source monitoring? Participants read headlines "reported" by a trustworthy- and an untrustworthy-looking reporter. Subsequently, participants recalled which reporter provided each headline. Source memory for likely-sounding headlines was most accurate when a trustworthy-looking reporter had provided the headlines. Conversely, source memory for unlikely-sounding headlines was most accurate when an untrustworthy-looking reporter had provided the headlines. This bias appeared to be driven by the use of decision criteria during retrieval rather than differences in memory encoding. Nevertheless, the bias was apparently unrelated to variations in subjective confidence. These results show for the first time that intuitive, stereotyped judgements of others' appearance can bias memory attributions analogously to the biases that occur when people receive explicit information to distinguish sources. We suggest possible real-life consequences of these stereotype-driven source-monitoring biases.

KW - attribution bias

KW - facial appearance

KW - source monitoring

KW - stereotype

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77952606341&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09658211003742706

U2 - 10.1080/09658211003742706

DO - 10.1080/09658211003742706

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 451

EP - 457

JO - Memory

T2 - Memory

JF - Memory

SN - 0965-8211

IS - 4

ER -