Nearshore Contamination Monitoring in Sandy Soils Using Polymer Optical Fibre Bragg Grating Sensing Systems

Sina Fadaie Sestelani, Moura Mehravar, David Webb*, Wei Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Civil engineering assets and geo-structures continually deteriorate during their lifetime, particu-larly in harsh environments that may be contaminated with corrosive substances. However, effi-cient and constant structural health monitoring and accurate prediction of the service-life of these assets can help to ensure their safety, performance, and health conditions and enable proper maintenance and rehabilitation. Nowadays, many of the largest cities throughout the world are situated in coastal zones, leading to a dramatic increase in the construction of near-shore geo-structures/infrastructures which are vulnerable to corrosion attacks resulting from sa-linity contamination. Additionally, seawater intrusion can threaten the quality and the sustaina-bility of fresh groundwater resources, which are a crucial resource in coastal areas. To address these issues, detection of salinity in soil utilizing a novel polymer optical fibre Bragg grating (POFBG) sensor was investigated in this research. Experiments were carried out at different soil water contents with different salinities to assess the sensor’s response in a representative soil environment. The sensitivity of the POFBG sensor to salinity concentrations in water and soil environment is estimated as 58 ± 2 pm/%. The average standard error value in salinity is calcu-lated as 0.43% for the samples with different soil water contents. The results demonstrate that the sensor is a promising and practical tool for the measurement and monitoring with high pre-cision of salinity contamination in soil.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5213
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2022

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  • polymer optical fibre Bragg grating
  • contaminated soil
  • nearshore geo-structures
  • health monitoring


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