Optimized frequency comb spectrum of parametrically modulated bottle microresonators

Manuel Crespo-Ballesteros*, Andrey B. Matsko, Misha Sumetsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Optical frequency combs generated by parametric modulation of optical microresonators are usually described by lumped-parameter models, which do not account for the spatial distribution of the modulation. This study highlights the importance of this spatial distribution in the Surface Nanoscale Axial Photonics (SNAP) platform, specifically for elongated SNAP bottle microresonators with a shallow nanometre-scale effective radius variation along its axial length. SNAP bottle microresonators have much smaller free spectral range and may have no dispersion compared to microresonators with other shapes (e.g., spherical and toroidal), making them ideal for generating optical frequency combs with lower repetition rates. By modulating parabolic SNAP bottle microresonators resonantly and adiabatically, we show that the flatness and bandwidth of the optical frequency comb spectra can be enhanced by optimizing the spatial distribution of the parametric modulation. The optimal spatial distribution can be achieved experimentally using piezoelectric, radiation pressure, and electro-optical excitation of a SNAP bottle microresonator.
Original languageEnglish
Article number52
Number of pages10
JournalCommunications Physics
Issue number1
Early online date21 Mar 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2023. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Funding info: The work of M.C.-B. and M.S. was supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) (grants EP/P006183/1 and EP/W002868/1) and Leverhulme Trust (grant RPG-2022-014). The reported research performed by A.B.M. was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (80NM0018D0004).


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