Relationships between observations and parental reports of 3–5 year old children's emotional eating using the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire

Jacqueline Blissett*, Claire Farrow, Emma Haycraft

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire [CEBQ) is a widely used, brief, psychometrically sound parent-report measure of children's eating behaviour traits. However, the relationship between parent report of children's emotional over-eating [EOE) and emotional under-eating [EUE) using the CEBQ and children's eating behaviour under conditions of negative emotion has not been examined. Methods: Sixty-two mothers with children between 34 and 59 months of age (mean = 46.0 months, SD = 6.8; 33 boys, 29 girls) attended the laboratory and ate a meal to satiety. Children were randomly allocated to a negative mood induction or neutral condition. Children had access to snack foods for 4 min and their intake was measured. Mothers completed the CEBQ. All participants were weighed and measured from which BMI (mothers) and BMI SDS (child) scores were calculated. Results: Adjusting for covariates, children who were rated as higher in EUE on the CEBQ ate fewer kilocalories from crisps/potato chips and cookies when in a negative mood state, but not when in neutral mood. There were no significant relationships between maternal ratings of EOE on the CEBQ and children's snack food intake in either condition. Conclusions: This study provides moderate support for the validity of the EUE scale of the CEBQ in 3-5-year-old children. Further work, including induction of different mood states, is required to explore whether the EOE scale truly captures young children's emotional over-eating.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104323
JournalAppetite
Volume141
Early online date17 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

Bibliographical note

© 2019, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Keywords

  • Children's eating
  • Emotional eating
  • Observation
  • Parent report

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