Statistical analysis plan for a cluster randomised controlled trial to compare screening, feedback and intervention for child anxiety problems to usual school practice: identifying Child Anxiety Through Schools-identification to intervention (iCATS-i2i)

Susan Ball*, Tessa Reardon, Cathy Creswell, Lucy Taylor, Paul Brown, Tamsin Ford, Alastair Gray, Claire Hill, Bec Jasper, Michael Larkin, Ian Macdonald, Fran Morgan, Jack Pollard, Michelle Sancho, Falko F. Sniehotta, Susan H. Spence, Jason Stainer, Paul Stallard, Mara Violato, Obioha C. Ukoumunne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The Identifying Child Anxiety Through Schools-identification to intervention (iCATS-i2i) trial is being conducted to establish whether ‘screening and intervention’, consisting of usual school practice plus a pathway comprising screening, feedback and a brief parent-led online intervention (OSI: Online Support and Intervention for child anxiety), bring clinical and health economic benefits compared to usual school practice and assessment only — ‘usual school practice’, for children aged 8–9 years in the following: (1) the ‘target population’, who initially screen positive for anxiety problems according to a two-item parent-report child anxiety questionnaire — iCATS-2, and (2) the ‘total population’, comprising all children in participating classes. This article describes the detailed statistical analysis plan for the trial. Methods and design: iCATS-i2i is a definitive, superiority, pragmatic, school-based cluster randomised controlled trial (with internal pilot), with two parallel groups. Schools are randomised 1:1 to receive either screening and intervention or usual school practice. This article describes the following: trial objectives and outcomes; statistical analysis principles, including detailed estimand information necessary for aligning trial objectives, conduct, analyses and interpretation when there are different analysis populations and outcome measures to be considered; and planned main analyses, sensitivity and additional analyses. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov ISRCTN76119074. Registered on 4 January 2022
Original languageEnglish
Article number62
JournalTrials
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

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Keywords

  • Anxiety problems
  • Cluster randomised controlled trial
  • Estimand
  • School based
  • Screening
  • Statistical analysis plan
  • Humans
  • Parents
  • Anxiety/therapy
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Feedback
  • Child
  • Schools

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