Suppression of WDM four-wave mixing crosstalk in fibre optic parametric amplifier using Raman-assisted pumping

A. Redyuk, M.F.C. Stephens, N.J. Doran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We perform an extensive numerical analysis of Raman-Assisted Fibre Optical Parametric Amplifiers (RA-FOPA) in the context of WDM QPSK signal amplification. A detailed comparison of the conventional FOPA and RA-FOPA is reported and the important advantages offered by the Raman pumping are clarified. We assess the impact of pump power ratios, channel count, and highly nonlinear fibre (HNLF) length on crosstalk levels at different amplifier gains. We show that for a fixed 200 m HNLF length, maximum crosstalk can be reduced by up to 7 dB when amplifying 10x58Gb/s QPSK signals at 20 dB net-gain using a Raman pump of 37 dBm and parametric pump of 28.5 dBm in comparison to a standard single-pump FOPA using 33.4 dBm pump power. It is shown that a significant reduction in four-wave mixing crosstalk is also obtained by reducing the highly nonlinear fibre interaction length. The trend is shown to be generally valid for different net-gain conditions and channel grid size. Crosstalk levels are additionally shown to strongly depend on the Raman/parametric pump power ratio, with a reduction in crosstalk seen for increased Raman pump power contribution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27240-27249
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Express
Issue number21
Early online date8 Oct 2015
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2016

Bibliographical note

© 2016 Optical Society of America. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modifications of the content of this paper are prohibited.

Funding: EPSRC (EP/J009709/2) and Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (RFMEFI57814X0029)


Dive into the research topics of 'Suppression of WDM four-wave mixing crosstalk in fibre optic parametric amplifier using Raman-assisted pumping'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this