Syndromes of self-reported psychopathology for ages 18-59 in 29 societies

Masha Y. Ivanova*, Thomas M. Achenbach, Leslie A. Rescorla, Lori V. Turner, Adelina Ahmeti-Pronaj, Alma Au, Carmen Avila Maese, Monica Bellina, J. Carlos Caldas, Yi-Chuen Chen, Ladislav Csemy, Marina M. da Rocha, Jeroen Decoster, Anca Dobrean, Lourdes Ezpeleta, Johnny R.J. Fontaine, Yasuko Funabiki, Halldór S. Guðmundsson, Valerie S. Harder, Marie Leiner de la CabadaPatrick Leung, Jianghong Liu, Safia Mahr, Sergey Malykh, Jelena Srdanovic Maras, Jasminka Markovic, David M. Ndetei, Kyung Ja Oh, Jean-Michel Petot, Geylan Riad, Direnc Sakarya, Virginia C. Samaniego, Sandra Sebre, Mimoza Shahini, Edwiges Silvares, Roma Simulioniene, Elvisa Sokoli, Joel B. Talcott, Natalia Vázquez, Ewa Zasępa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study tested the multi-society generalizability of an eight-syndrome assessment model derived from factor analyses of American adults' self-ratings of 120 behavioral, emotional, and social problems. The Adult Self-Report (ASR; Achenbach and Rescorla 2003) was completed by 17,152 18-59-year-olds in 29 societies. Confirmatory factor analyses tested the fit of self-ratings in each sample to the eight-syndrome model. The primary model fit index (Root Mean Square Error of Approximation) showed good model fit for all samples, while secondary indices showed acceptable to good fit. Only 5 (0.06%) of the 8,598 estimated parameters were outside the admissible parameter space. Confidence intervals indicated that sampling fluctuations could account for the deviant parameters. Results thus supported the tested model in societies differing widely in social, political, and economic systems, languages, ethnicities, religions, and geographical regions. Although other items, societies, and analytic methods might yield different results, the findings indicate that adults in very diverse societies were willing and able to rate themselves on the same standardized set of 120 problem items. Moreover, their self-ratings fit an eight-syndrome model previously derived from self-ratings by American adults. The support for the statistically derived syndrome model is consistent with previous findings for parent, teacher, and self-ratings of 11/2-18-year-olds in many societies. The ASR and its parallel collateral-report instrument, the Adult Behavior Checklist (ABCL), may offer mental health professionals practical tools for the multi-informant assessment of clinical constructs of adult psychopathology that appear to be meaningful across diverse societies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-183
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Issue number2
Early online date8 Aug 2014
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015

Bibliographical note

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  • adult self-report
  • cross-cultural
  • international
  • psychopathology
  • syndromes


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